### Testing

 Bell RingerReviewLessonExit Ticket Lesson Objective(s)Standard(s)APC.1Define and apply the properties of elementary functions, including algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and composite functions and their inverses, and graph these functions, using a graphing calculator.Clarification StatementProperties of functions will include domains, ranges, combinations, odd, even, periodicity, symmetry, asymptotes, zeros, upper and lower bounds, and intervals where the function is increasing or decreasing.APC.2Define and apply the properties of limits of functions.Limits will be evaluated graphically and algebraically.Includes:​limits of a constant​limits of a sum, product, and quotient​one-sided limits​limits at infinity, infinite limits, and non-existent limits*APC.3Use limits to define continuity and determine where a function is continuous or discontinuous.Includes:​continuity in terms of limitscontinuity at a point and over a closed interval​application of the Intermediate Value Theorem and the Extreme Value Theorem​geometric understanding and interpretation of continuity and discontinuityAPC.4Investigate asymptotic and unbounded behavior in functions.Includes:describing and understanding asymptotes in terms of graphical behavior and limits involving infinitycomparing relative magnitudes of functions and their rates of changeAPC.5Investigate derivatives presented in graphic, numerical, and analytic contexts and the relationship between continuity and differentiability.The derivative will be defined as the limit of the difference quotient and interpreted as an instantaneous rate of change.APC.6​The student will investigate the derivative at a point on a curve.Includes:finding the slope of a curve at a point, including points at which the tangent is vertical and points at which there are no tangentsusing local linear approximation to find the slope of a tangent line to a curve at the point​defining instantaneous rate of change as the limit of average rate of changeapproximating rate of change from graphs and tables of values.APC.7Analyze the derivative of a function as a function in itself.Includes:comparing corresponding characteristics of the graphs of f, f', and f''​defining the relationship between the increasing and decreasing behavior of f and the sign of f'​translating verbal descriptions into equations involving derivatives and vice versaanalyzing the geometric consequences of the Mean Value Theorem;defining the relationship between the concavity of f and the sign of f "; and​identifying points of inflection as places where concavity changes and finding points of inflection.APC.8Apply the derivative to solve problems.Includes:​analysis of curves and the ideas of concavity and monotonicityoptimization involving global and local extrema;modeling of rates of change and related rates;use of implicit differentiation to find the derivative of an inverse function;interpretation of the derivative as a rate of change in applied contexts, including velocity, speed, and acceleration; anddifferentiation of nonlogarithmic functions, using the technique of logarithmic differentiation.**AP Calculus BC will also apply the derivative to solve problems.Includes:​analysis of planar curves given in parametric form, polar form, and vector form, including velocity and acceleration vectors;​numerical solution of differential equations, using Euler’s method;​l’Hopital’s Rule to test the convergence of improper integrals and series; and​geometric interpretation of differential equations via slope fields and the relationship between slope fields and the solution curves for the differential equations.APC.9Apply formulas to find derivatives.Includes:derivatives of algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, and inverse trigonometric functionsderivations of sums, products, quotients, inverses, and composites (chain rule) of elementary functionsderivatives of implicitly defined functionshigher order derivatives of algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic, functions**AP Calculus BC will also include finding derivatives of parametric, polar, and vector functions.APC.10Use Riemann sums and the Trapezoidal Rule to approximate definite integrals of functions represented algebraically, graphically, and by a table of values and will interpret the definite integral as the accumulated rate of change of a quantity over an interval interpreted as the change of the quantity over the interval.Riemann sums will use left, right, and midpoint evaluation points over equal subdivisions.APC.11​The student will find antiderivatives directly from derivatives of basic functions and by substitution of variables (including change of limits for definite integrals).APC.12​The student will identify the properties of the definite integral. This will include additivity and linearity, the definite integral as an area, and the definite integral as a limit of a sum as well as the fundamental theorem.APC.13​The student will use the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus to evaluate definite integrals, represent a particular antiderivative, and facilitate the analytical and graphical analysis of functions so defined.APC.14​The student will find specific antiderivatives, using initial conditions (including applications to motion along a line). Separable differential equations will be solved and used in modeling (in particular, the equation y' = ky and exponential growth).APC.15​The student will use integration techniques and appropriate integrals to model physical, biological, and economic situations. The emphasis will be on using the integral of a rate of change to give accumulated change or on using the method of setting up an approximating Riemann sum and representing its limit as a definite integral. Specific applications will includea)​ the area of a region;b) ​the volume of a solid with known cross-section;c)​ the average value of a function; andd)​ the distance traveled by a particle along a line.APC.16​The student will define a series and test for convergence of a series in terms of the limit of the sequence of partial sums. This will includea)​ geometric series with applications;b)​ harmonic series;c)​ alternating series with error bound;d)​ terms of series as areas of rectangles and their relationship to improper integrals, including the integral test and its use in testing the convergence of p-series; ande)​ ratio test for convergence and divergence.APC.17​The student will define, restate, and apply Taylor series. This will includea)​ Taylor polynomial approximations with graphical demonstration of convergence;b)​ Maclaurin series and the general Taylor series centered at x = a;c)​ Maclaurin series for the functions ex, sin x, cos x, and 1/(1 – x);d) ​formal manipulation of Taylor series and shortcuts to computing Taylor series, including substitution, differentiation, antidifferentiation, and the formation of new series from known series;e) ​functions defined by power series;f)​ radius and interval of convergence of power series; andg)​ Lagrange error bound of a Taylor polynomial.Mathematical Practice(s)#1 - Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them#2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively#3 - Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others#4 - Model with mathematics#5 - Use appropriate tools strategically#6 - Attend to precision#7 - Look for and make use of structure#8 - Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning